By Bill Hutchinson, Joohee Cho, James Longman and Matt Gutman
July 9, 2018 - Confidence soared that all 12 boys and their soccer coach will be successfully rescued from a flooded jungle cave in Thailand by the end of Monday after divers safely emerged from the cavern with four of the boys on Sunday.
The ordeal of the soccer team has gripped the attention of the world as divers and emergency personnel from around the world have converged on the Chiang Rai province of northern Thailand with the single goal of safely extracting all of them from the bowels of the Tham Luang Nang Non cave, where they have been trapped for 16 days.
An hours-long subterranean rescue mission was launched Sunday morning in Thailand, buoyed by the prayers and support of the international community. By nightfall, elite dive teams trudged out of the muddy mouth of the cave with four of the teenage boys.
The international effort to save the group has paired divers in "buddy teams" with the remaining eight boys and their coach. Officials hope by the end of Monday local time, all of them will be saved.
Chiang Rai provincial Gov. Narongsak Osatanakorn said late Sunday night in Thailand that the second part of the mission to rescue the others would begin in about 10 to 20 hours after authorities reconvene to assess conditions in the cave and get a briefing on how the initial rescue went.
"Today was very successful, more than expected," Osatanakorn said.
An ambulance leaves the Tham Luang cave area after divers started evacuating the 12 boys and their football team coach trapped in a flooded cave in Khun Nam Nang Non Forest Park in the Mae Sai district of Chiang Rai province on July 8, 2018.
Photo by Lillian Suwanrumpha, AFP/Getty Images
The first boy emerged from the cave at 5:40 p.m. local time, followed 10 to 20 minutes later the second boy, Osatanakorn said. About two hours later, the third and fourth boys were pulled from the cave 10 minutes apart, he said.
The names of the rescued soccer players, members of the Wild Boar youth football team, were not released. Osatanakorn did not comment on their conditions, only saying that they were all safe.
The boys were immediately placed into ambulances and rushed to a hospital in Chiang Rai, Osatanakorn said.
Doctors and nurses ready with IVs waited in the emergency bay of the hospital and as the boys arrived in separate ambulances, the medical teams sprang into action, transferring the patients onto gurneys and wheeling them into the ER to be thoroughly examined and treated.
While news of the miraculous rescue spread through the region, excitement and relief was tapered by the drama still unfolding in the depths of the cave, where the remaining eight boys and their coach were still holed up in a dry chamber more than two miles from the entrance.
The task of extracting the remaining members of the group was fraught with dangers heightened by the death on Friday of a volunteer diver who succumbed to fatal oxygen deprivation.
Fighting floodwaters, rapidly dropping oxygen levels and racing against an impending monsoon rainstorm, the rescue operation began at 10 a.m. local time when 18 international divers entered the cave. Ten of the diver headed to the chamber deep inside the underground labyrinth.
A little over nine hours later, the divers emerged from the cavern with the first rescued boy, authorities said.
Osatanakorn said that the oxygen level inside the cave needs to be replenished before rescuers embark on the next phase of the mission.
"We should be ready in a short period of time. When the next operation will proceed, I cannot give you a definite time. It's about more than 10 hours away, not more than 20 hours, but we have to observe the conditions," Osatanakorn said. "It has to be stable like today. If it's stable like today, and we are sure, we can operate as soon as possible."
The operation to save the once-stranded 13 appeared doubtful just days ago as rescuers from Thailand, the United States, Australia, China and Great Britain brainstormed to find a way to remove the soccer team despite facing treacherous conditions and having to train boys, who did not know how to swim, to perform the most perilous type of diving even for the most experienced Navy SEALs.
The high drama in Thailand's longest cave even drew help from American billionaire businessman Elon Musk, whose SpaceX designers set aside their rocketship venture to build a "kid-sized" submarine to free the trapped boys.
Authorities said at a press conference Sunday morning in Chiang Rai province that the decision to launch the rescue operation came after careful analysis of eroding conditions inside the cave, where oxygen had dropped to alarming levels and the threat of monsoon rains approached.
"We have a fraction of a second to help them come out," provincial Osatanakorn said as the rescue operation commenced.
"They insist they are ready to come out," he said of the boys. "Family has already been notified."
At 10 a.m. local time Sunday, 13 foreign divers and five Thai Navy SEALs entered the cave to begin the operation. Ten divers headed to chamber 9, where the boys are located, while the others took positions along the difficult route out of the cave system.
Each of the rescued kids was accompanied by at least two divers who navigated them through an up-and-down obstacle course of narrow chasms and deep pools of floodwater that required the boys to use SCUBA gear to breathe, officials said.
The team of rescuers shared a photo on Facebook linking arms, with the message, "We, the Thai team and the international team, will bring the Wild Boars home," a reference to the soccer team's name.
The most challenging part of the journey to safety is the first leg of the trip to get to the third chamber.
According to the plan that was successful today, rescuers and the four boys were given one hour of rest in the third chamber before they set out on the last part of the underground odyssey on foot, walking through muddy areas or floating in areas.
An ambulance leaves the Tham Luang cave area after divers evacuated some of the 12 boys and their coach trapped at the cave in Khun Nam Nang Non Forest Park in the Mae Sai district of Chiang Rai province on July 8, 2018 in Thailand.
Photo by Lillian Suwanrumpha, AFP/Getty Images
"There are two obstacles, which are water and time," Osatanakorn said. "We have tried all possible ways to get the boys out, but sometimes we can’t win over nature."
Water levels were down 30 percent, the lowest since the boys were located on July 2. Crews have been pumping water from the cave round the clock.
Officials forged ahead with the plan to bring the boys and their coach out the way they went in after ruling out an alternative plan of drilling escape holes into the cave from above.
Throughout each step, the boys were kept abreast of the evolving mission to save them. The parents were also made aware of the risks involved, Osatanakorn said.
"Experts' assessments indicate that today is the most ready we can be," said Choorat Panngao, Provincial Police Region 5 deputy commander, before the rescue operation got underway. "If we don't do it today we will lose our opportunity."
Seasonal monsoon rains are forecast to hit the region held off over the weekend and bolstered efforts on the ground to remove floodwater from the cave so that rescuers could walk, rather than swim or dive, from the main entrance to an inner chamber serving as a command center.
A Thai policeman guards an area under rainfall near the Tham Luang cave at the Khun Nam Nang Non Forest Park in Mae Sai district of Chiang Rai province, July 7, 2018, as rescue operation continues for the 12 boys and their football team coach.
Photo by Ye Aung Thu, AFP/Getty Images
While keeping the water level low in the cave was one battle, another was keeping safe oxygen level up.
Officials said rescuers conducted drills all day Saturday on how they would transport the children to the hospital once brought out of the cave.
Panngao said 13 ambulances and helicopters were stationed outside the cave, poised to rush the boys to the hospital as soon as they were out.
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