MSHA Safety Alert: Prevent Failure of Welded Connections
Use qualified welders. Inspect welds and metal components. Train users.
Damaged or defective welds on aerial lifts have caused several fatalities in the mining industry.
- A mechanic died while being lowered in an electro-hydraulic aerial lift. A weld splice on an improperly repaired lift arm fractured, causing the arm to strike the victim in the head.
- A welder died while being lowered in an electro-hydraulic aerial lift when the lift arm catastrophically fractured at a critical weld connecting the arm support to its lift cylinder. Undetected cracks existed in the weld and the surrounding metal prior to failure.
Best Practices to Prevent the Mechanical Failure of Welded Connections
Prevent accidents by following proper welding procedures and performing regular inspections for damages or defects.
- Only qualified welders should perform all welding.
- Determine the service/fatigue life of mechanical systems or parts by consulting with the manufacturer.
- Inspect welds following installation and repairs, and periodically during service life.
- Train users in the proper operation of lifts – including not exceeding their design capacity
- Routinely examine metal components for signs of weakness, corrosion, fatigue cracks, bends, buckling, deflection, missing connectors, etc.
- Use nondestructive test methods to detect cracks that may be indistinguishable to the eye.
- Take cracked mechanical components out of service immediately. Small cracks can quickly grow and lead to catastrophic fracture.
Miners and mine operators can find safety and health information on MSHA.gov.